"Can we now say where we came from and where we are going?" Stephen Hawking ask this question during his recent television appearance in the Science Channels’ production of "Masters of the Universe: Stephen Hawking and the Theory of Everything". His question is one of many subtle assaults from the science community against the belief that "God Created the Heavens and the Earth". A hundred years ago, the average person rarely considered this concept. However, in the past century questions such as this have become more prevalent. Three hundred years ago, Professor Hawking might face a tribunal before the pope for publically asserting that the answer was not the one described by the church.
Today, society’s view on this subject appears to be reversing. Any professional who asserts that, "God Created the Heavens and the Earth" is bound to hear snickering behind his back. In many cases, this person will have their peers challenging them to defend their position. We live in a time where knowledge of our surroundings is more readily available and presented as a subtle challenge to religious beliefs. As a simple laborer myself, I am confronted with ideas that seem to contradict religious teachings daily. Like many, I find myself wondering what the real answer is. Where are we going with this debate and what do I do if I do not like the answer.
Why does the bible describe creation starting 6,000 years ago when all scientific evidence proves the universe is billions of years in the making? This is the key argument against the Christian version of creation. It is a very good argument. If you timeline the bible, the world as the church describes it began about 6,000 years ago. This makes it impossible for existence to exceed 6,000 years, even though there is a huge amount of evidence that shows that the earth has been in the making for billions of years.
Science theorizes that the universe began with the big bang, 13 billion years ago. However, Physics breaks down at the very moment of the "Big Bang". Science calls this moment, "The Singularity". For many years, the singularity has prevented science from formulating a strong challenge to the theory of creation. Recent connections between the big bang and string theory have strengthened the scientific position that the universe evolved naturally. Let me start by giving you a brief description of string theory from the perspective of an average person.
In the late 1980’s science theorized the universe was made of strings. This "String theory" hypothesized the existence of eleven dimensions. Science can prove the reality of the first four. These four dimensions are left and right, up and down, forward and backward, and time. The properties of the next six dimensions, called sub atomic particles, are only theory, because they are beyond our perception. Dimension 11 is a membrane enclosing the first ten. If you wish to understand more about string theory, read Dr. Michio Kaku’s paper on parallel worlds.
Dr. Kaku theorizes that we exist within a bubble of the first four dimensions. Surrounding us is a multitude of similar bubbles that also contain the first four dimensions. Each of these bubbles is a universe. Separating these bubbles are the next six dimensions called subatomic particles. Holding it all together is the membrane, the 11th dimension.
With "String theory", mathematics can now resolves beyond the singularity of the big bang. The singularity was the biggest obstacle for the development of a theory of everything. This newly devised theory of everything is the greatest challenge to the Christian theory of creation, or is it?
Faith is the basis of Christianity. This is God’s test. We have to believe. The bible, which is the word of god, tells us that existence began about 6,000 years ago. Many believe that this theory cannot coexist with the scientific evidence. The result is doubt. The more evidence there is, the greater the doubt. There is no wonder that Theologians refuse to debate this point with scientists. For them it is a trap.
The average person is better suited for this debate. We know enough about the Christian theory to understand its trappings. We also know enough about science to understand the latest discoveries. The science behind the Theory of Everything is complex, but not beyond comprehension. Scientists have been striving to make their theory simple enough for the average person to understand. I have learned enough about the theory of everything to see that the scientists are just as trapped as the Theologians are.
Scientists are viewing the big bang from within the constraints of our universe. They view the dimension of time as a linear forward movement that starts at the big bang. What they are forgetting is Einstein’s theory that with enough energy time can also move backward. Where can we find more energy than the energy found in the big bang? If you illustrate the dimension of time exploding in all directions as described in the big bang, than time would move both forward and backward from the singularity. Scientists are looking back through a linear dimension of time and placing the singularity at the far edge, 13 billion years ago, when in fact the singularity could have occurred anywhere between the big bang and the end of time.
My theory is that the latest discoveries in science do not disprove creation. The singularity within the big bang could very well have been 6,000 years ago and what we see when we look back 13 billion years is the opposite edge of the expanding dimension of time, but that is not when the big bang occurred.
In summary, I would like to say, that all these theories are meaningless. The average person is not looking for theories. We are looking for facts. Let us set this entire conversation aside and analyze the true objective. Professor Hawking’s question truly expresses the objective, "Can we now say where we came from and where we are going?" Theologians examine the religious aspects of our origin. Professor Hawkings and Dr. Kaku are exploring the scientific aspect of our origin. The purpose of studying our origin is to help us understand where we are going. Therefore, our true goal is to understand what comes after death. I believe we can sum this all up with a single choice. Either we believe in creation or we do not. Each choice has two possibilities. Let us explore those possibilities.
We do not believe and there is no God.
- Result: We live, we die, and that is the end.
We do not believe and there is a God.
- Result: We live, we die, and that is the end, hopefully.
We do believe and there is no God.
- Result: We live, we die, and that is the end.
We believe and there is a God.
- Result: We live, and at the end of life, we face the prospect of eternal life.
The answer to our goal is death, death, death, or the prospect of eternal life. Where I come from, we call this decision a no brainer. Who in their right mind would choose certain death over even the slightest possibility of eternal life?